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"A" Stick
 \ n. \ a player's best or number 1 stick. Also called a Game Stick. 

ALL \ org. \ the American Lacrosse League is the nation's largest men's post-collegiate club lacrosse league.

Air Gait \ n. \ a move invented by lacrosse legend Gary Gait while in college at Syracuse University in the 1980's. Gait would literally dive from the rear of the crease upward and out over the goal side while slapping the ball into the goal one-handed. The move was made illegal very soon after. It was said that goalie safety was the reason. Many still think it was because only Gait could do it. 



Ankle breaker \ adj. \ Slang for an extremely quick turn or split dodge. 

All-American \ n. \ national award given in boys' and girls' high school lacrosse for excellence within their state. Also a national award given to men and women at the top of their position in each division of NCAA lacrosse. There are 1st, 2nd, 3rd and honorable mention All-American Teams. 2: \ adj. \ the appropriate title for a winner of the award (ie. and All-American Defenseman).

All Right (All Left) \ adj. \ term for a player who has a dramatically dominant hand. 

Alley \n.\ area created between the side of the restraining box and the sideline. 

Armadillo (The Armadillo play) \ n. \ Jack Emmer's 1983 Washington & Lee team used this infamous play, almost to success, against a far superior North Carolina team. 
Five players locked arms with one player in the middle with the ball in a sawed-off goalie stick with a very deep pocket so that the ball could not be dislodged and as a unit they marched up the field at will. The play was banned immediately.

Around The World \ n. \ like a behind the back shot except the stick is wrapped around the opposite directon and the shot comes from over the shoulder of the shooting hand. 

Assist \ n. \ a pass to the shooter. A pass that sets up a goal. Two assists can be awarded in Box Lacrosse. 

Attack \ n. \ the player position in the game that is stationed in the offensive end and is responsible for offense primarily. These players are called Attackers or Attackmen. 

Attacker \ n. \ a player at the Attack position. 

Attackman \ n. \ a player at the Attack position. 


"B" Stick \ n. \ a player's backup stick or extra Stick. An additional stick brought out to a game, but thrown on the sideline during warm-ups and neglected until the end of the game unless needed. 

Backbreaker \ n. \ a trick shot where the stick is held by both hands above the head and the ball is shot underhand and behind the back AND between the legs. See Picture 1. 

Back Door \ n. \ an offensive player without the ball sneaks in, close to the goal behind the defense, where the ball carrier zips a pass to him or her for an easy score. 2: \ v. \ sneak behind the defense to receive a feed and get an easy scoring opportunity.

Backup (Back up the goal) \ n. \ an offensive player close to the endline and ready to run full speed toward the line to regain the possession of the ball on a missed shot. The man closest to the ball on as it goes out of bounds gets the ball back, so never shoot unless you know you can score OR you have a good backup. 2: \ n. \ a player "extra Stick". An additional stick brought out to a game, but thrown on the sideline during warm-ups and neglected until the end of the game unless needed. Immortalized in a song at Goucher College during the warm up lap, "Extra Sticks, Extra Sticks, You throw them on the sideline because their Extra Sticks!"

Bag \ n. \ slang for a pocket, usually a very deep one. 

Baggataway \ n. \ Ojibwe word for lacrosse (derived from an Algonquian verb meaning "to hit with [something]"), and more particularly the Midwestern/Great Lakes variant of the game. Alternate spelling (preferred by ethnographers) is baaga'adowe. See Picture 25.

 \ v. \ molding the empty stick head to a custom shape in any number of ways.

Ball ("Ball") \ n. \ a white, orange or yellow solid rubber orb between 7 3/4 and 8 inches in circumference, between 5 and 5 1/4 ounces in weight and a 2/3 bounce ratio by NCAA rules. Was made of woven leather and then covered leather before 1890 when a low quality rubber was used until sometime in the 1930's or 40's Coincidentally, "Indian Rubber" became the standard until the 1990's when each brand began independent production and the materials are unknown but referred to as solid rubber. 2: \ term \ used by a player to another player to let him know that he will gather the ground ball while his teammate takes a man, shouting "Man" and keeping the opponent away from the ball until his team has possession. Once the ball is in possession, "Release" is yelled to stop the aggression of the player taking the man to avoid a moving pick. 

Ball Dog \ n. \ a dog that chases balls for you when you miss the goal. 

Ball Hunt \ n. \ players in the tall grass or woods behind the goal looking for balls using their sticks like scythes. 

Ball Stop \ n. \ the small piece of foam or rubber that is used at the base of the stick head to soften the surface and lessen the bounce off the plastic. also called a stop or stopper. 

Baller \ n. \ slang for an extremely good lacrosse player    

Baltimore Crab \ n. \ a method of picking up a ball by rolling the top inside of the scoop over the ball, starting it moving in that direction, while turning the head under the ball quickly to collect it in one motion. Also called the Indian Pick-up, because the early Iroquois versions or the Huron, Cherokee and Choctaw versions of the game featured sticks with no scoops.

BCLA \ org. \ the British Columbia Lacrosse Association (Canada).

Bait (Bait the Shooter) \ n. \ the goal keeper intentionally tries to influence the shooter's shot selection by "underprotecting" one side of the goal and showing an open net. This allows the goal keeper to anticipate the ball flight and move early to make the "easy" save. 

Behind the back \ adj. \ any shot or pass that passes behind you, the more spectacular, the better but don't blow it, showboat.

Behind the back fake \ n. \ a behind the back motion that does not produce a shot but moves the goalie in that direction making a forward shot available.

Bible (The Bible) \ n. \ slang for Bob Scott's book Lacrosse, Technique and Tradition. It is the book most turn of the century coaches were taught with. See Picture 9. 

Big stick \ n. \ 1. slang for a defenseman. 2. slang for the defensive stick. Also see long pole.

Black Hole \ n. \ slang for a teammate who never gives the ball up once he has it. A ball hog. 

Board (Boards) \ n. \ the sideline wall in a box arena. 2: \ v. \ to hit someone into or even hold them onto the boards in a box lacrosse arena which is legal. 

Boarding \ n. \ hitting or checking someone into the boards in a box lacrosse arena. It is even legal to hold the player against the boards. 

Body Check \ n. \ a check using the shoulder to hit a ball carrier's upper frontal body. 

Bomb \ n. \ the goalie heaves the ball randomly into the offensive end from the crease area of the defensive end. Also see Gilman Clear

Bounce Pass \ n. \ a pass that is targeted downward and bounces before redirecting t the intended player.     

Bounce Shot \ n. \ a shot on goal that is targeted downward and bounces before the goal line.    

Box (the Box) \ n. \ the penalty box, where time assessed for fouls is served. 2: the coaches box. See Picture 11. 3: refers to an outdoor facility specifically used for box lacrosse. It has no roof, just the boards, with players benches. There are very few left in Ontario and Victoria B.C. has perhaps 9 “boxes” at the turn of the century. 

Boxla \ n. \ Slang term for Box Lacrosse. 

Box Lacrosse \ n. \ the indoor version of the game played predominantly in Canada. A much more physical game which is encased with walls that can be used to check a ball carrier into. Cross Checks are legal in Box Lacrosse. 

Brave Heart \ Phrase \ A fun alternative to overtime played in some lacrosse summer and charity tournaments where two players from each team take the field, a goalkeeper and a middie. The two middies face off and go one on one full field until one scores.

Break \ n. \ an extra man situation temporarily cause by a quick steal or great outlet pass from the defensive end. The offense uses the extra man to split the defense so that the ball coming quickly down the field can find an easy path from undefended player to undefended player until a very high percentage shot is taken.     

Broken \ adj. \ to be scored on directly off of the face-off.

Bucket \ n. \ a really deep pocket or good goalie pocket. Also slang for a helmet.

Buddy Pass \ n. \ a pass that is lobbed high and/or slowly through the air such that the recipient is blind sided and rocked by defenders as he receives it. 

Bull Dodge \ n. \ protecting the stick by holding it in the outside hand behind the body, the ball carrier basically runs through the defenseman, bulling past toward the goal. 

Bullet \ n. \ 1. slang for a ball. 2. slang for a hard shot or pass. 

Butt \ n. \ the end of the stick without the head. The cap that covers the end of the stick, usually made of plastic. 

Butthead \ n. \ permanent end cap that is made of protruding rubber with a soft interior to allow for maximum grip and torque. 


Cage \ n. \ slang for the goal 

Canadian egg roll \ n. \ slang for a shot where the ball is caught and in one downward motion shoots behind the shooter. The ball is released near the knees and is usually performed when on the crease with the shooter's back to the goalie.

Cannon \ n. \ slang for an extremely hard shot, adjective used to describe a player's shot, ie "he's got a cannon!" 

Carry the Pizza \ v. \ when a player runs down the field carrying the ball in their stick way out in front of them in one hand with their arm extended, and holding the bottom of the shaft. This keeps the ball in the head of the stick without needing to cradle or worry about what's behind you, sorta. Also known as Walking the Dog. 

Cheap it (Cheap the ball) \ v. \ clearing the ball from the defensive end with a long random pass into the offensive end. see Gilman Clear. 

Check \ n. \ an attempt to dislodge the ball from another player's stick by poking or slapping their stick or arms with either end of your stick, though most often the head.    2: v. \ the act of attempting to dislodge the ball in this manner.

Check Up \ v. \ term shouted by goalkeepers to begin a defensive practice of claiming who each defensive player is assigned to. 

Cherry-picker \ n. \ a player who stays in open space in their attacking half while their side is defending, hoping for a long pass from the defence in the event of a turnover. More prevalent in box lacrosse. 

Cherokee Ball (Cherokee Stickball) \ n. \ Cherokee version of the game played with two smaller sticks and a woven leather ball. Still played in areas of North Carolina and South Dakota. Very similar to Toli, the Choctaw game.

Chicklets \ n.\ slang term in box lacrosse for teeth. Clamp \ v. \ a move by a face off player pushing the back of the head over the ball and pulling the ball towards him.

Clear \ n. \ a play designed to move the ball from the defensive end to the offensive end after a save or turnover. 2: \ v. \ moving the ball from the defensive end to the offensive end of the field after a turnover or save. 

Cookie \ n. \ slang for the ball. 

Cole Thompson \ n. \ a fictitious character in Brine ads and E-Lacrosse stories in 2003. See Picture 27.

Cooker \ n. \ slang term for the goal. “Take it to the cooker”. 

Copter \ n. \ slang for a stick checked out of one's hands so that it flies into the air spinning like a helicopter rotor. 

Cover, The \ n \ lacrosse's largest outside exposure in the 20th century was a 1962 Sports Illustrated cover. See Picture 23. 

Cradle \ v. \ the fluid side to side motion of the stick in order to maintain possession of the ball using its own gravity and inertia while running at full speed. 

Crank \ n. \ a hard shot accentuated by an extended wind up by a stationary shooter or full extension of the shot by a sprinting shooter.    

Crease \ n. \ the 9 foot (men's) or 8.5 foot (women's) radius circle that surrounds each goal. Offensive players are not allowed in the crease. 

Crosse \ n. \ proper name for a stick. From the French word "Crossier" or curved staff. Refers to the head and shaft together or more appropriately to the one piece wooden stick used before 1970 and still used by some box players and Native Americans, who, of course, invented them. See picture 2.

Cross Check \ n. \ with both hands on the shaft, hitting a player with the section of the shaft between the hands. Illegal in field lacrosse but legal in Box Lacrosse.    2: \ v. \ the act of checking in this manner.

Cup Check \ noun \ 1. tapping on a protective cup to prove that it is there. 2. slang for a shot that hits the defender or goalie in the groin. 

Cuse ('Cuse) \ abbrev. \ for Syracuse University. 

Custom Pocket \ n. \ a pocket designed by a stringer or strung yourself. 

Cut Back \ v. \ a quick turn back in the direction from which the ball carrier cam, in order to shake free a defender and get a shot on goal.